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finland in figures Foreign trade 2007 Exports by industries: 65,484 MEUR (per cent of total) Electrical and optical equip. Pulp, paper and paper prod. Machinery and equipment Metal products Chemicals Wood products Wholesale and retail trade Other industries 5.1 4.3 10.5 18.9 13.0 13.2 Transport and communications 7% Construction 7% 15.3 19.9 Agriculture and forestry 5% Economic structure Employed persons by industry, 2nd quarter 2008 Financial and business services 14% Trade and hotel 17% Consumer goods 11% Other manufactured items 23% Industry 18% Forest products 16% Metal and engineering products 50% Non-durable goods 14.1% Durable consumer goods 9.9% Capital goods 23.5% Imports by use: 59,493 MEUR Intermediate goods 38.7% (MEUR) Total 2007 Germany Sweden Russia USA Great Britain Netherlands France China Exports 65,484 7,151 7,022 6,711 4,186 3,828 3,651 2,202 2,406 Imports 59,493 8,402 5,925 8,408 2,011 2,899 2,713 2,114 4,538 Miscellaneous services 32% Monthly temperatures in Helsinki 2007 Mean Max Min C F C F C F I -1.1 34.0 8.3 47.0 -17.3 0.9 II III IV -7.9 3.1 5.5 17.8 37.6 41.9 2.4 15.1 18.1 36.3 59.2 64.6 -21.7 -5.8 -4.7 -7.1 21.6 23.5 V 10.5 50.9 25.7 78.3 -1.0 30.2 VI 15.6 60.1 27.5 81.5 6.4 43.5 VII 17.5 63.5 25.0 77.0 10.4 50.7 VIII 17.6 63.7 26.7 80.1 5.5 40.1 IX 11.9 53.4 17.4 63.3 3.0 37.4 X 7.3 45.1 15.4 59.7 -4.3 24.3 XI 1.2 34.2 10.5 50.9 -5.7 21.7 XII 2.4 36.3 6.9 44.4 -6.8 19.8 Energy 13.8% POPULATION 5.3 million, giving an average density of 17 people per sq. km; annual growth rate 0.4% Life expectancy: men 75.9 and women 82.9 years. The demographic pyramid resembles that of most other industrial countries, with the middle-aged groups predominating. Average household size: 2.1 persons. 55% of the households live in single-family houses; 45% in apartment blocks. 83.4% are urbandwellers, with 1 million in the Helsinki Area, which includes Espoo and Vantaa Other major cities in Finland include Tampere, Turku, Oulu and Lahti Languages: 91% speak Finnish; 5,5% Swedish Religion: 82% are Lutheran; 1% Orthodox Education: 77.3% of the population aged 25 to 64 have completed upper secondary or tertiary education and 34.7% (the highest percentage in the EU countries) have university or other tertiary qualifications. Wired: 80,5% of Finnish households own a personal computer, 77% have an internet connection and 69% broadband; 88% own a digital television and 99% of households have cell phones. AREA 390,920 sq. kilometres or 150,900 sq. miles, of which 9% is fresh water; There are 188,000 lakes. 6% of the land is under cultivation, with barley and oats the main crops. Forests (mainly pine and spruce) cover 68% of the country. GOVERNMENT Sovereign parliamentary republic since 1917. From 1809­1917, autonomous Grand Duchy within the Russian Empire; before that part of the Kingdom of Sweden for centuries. The president is elected every six years. The position has been held by Tarja Halonen since March 1, 2000. She was re-elected in January 2006. The 200 members of Parliament are elected for four-year terms. The most recent general election (March 2007) produced the following result: Finnish Centre 51 seats; National Coalition Party 51; Social Democratic Party 45; Left Alliance 17; Greens 14; Swedish People's Party 9; Christian Democratic Party 7; True Finns 5, Åland 1. Finland has been a member of the European Union since January 1995. WORKING LIFE 80.4% of women aged 25­54 are employed outside the home. Average monthly earnings, 2nd quarter 2008: men 3,090 euros; women 2,500 euros. Unemployment rate 5,2% in July 2008 according to Labour Force Survey. ECONOMY GDP 2007: 180 billion euros, the annual change in volume 4.5%. Annual inflation rate as of August 2008: 4.7%. Currency: Euro Gross domestic product per capita 2007 (EUR) Adjusted for Purchasing Power Standard 27,500 26,900 29,300 27,700 26,900 38,500 Nominal Finland Germany Sweden UK Japan USA 31,700 28,200 34,500 31,600 27,300 35,000 Source: Statistics Finland 66 BLUE WINGS NOVEMBER 2008

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